LOS ALTOS HILLS, Calif., March 7 – NASA announced an August 2008 Hubble servicing mission as follows: “The new instruments to be installed on the telescope are the [EUV and UV] Cosmic Origins Spectrograph, or COS, and the Wide Field Camera 3, or WFC3. Among its many goals, COS will probe the ‘cosmic web.’ This large-scale structure of the universe has its form determined by the gravity of dark matter and can be traced by galaxies and intergalactic gas. COS also will explore how this web has evolved over billions of years and the role it plays in the formation and evolution of galaxies.”
In his Dec. 15, 2003, book, “How Dark Matter Created Dark Energy and the Sun,” inventor-scientist Jerome Drexler predicts that dark matter is a source of synchrotron radiation. With the broad range of proton energies in “relativistic-proton dark matter,” physics textbooks calculate that synchrotron radiation, from this dark matter, would include extreme ultraviolet (EUV) and UV photon emission.
Drexler’s 2003 book also states that synchrotron radiation from dark matter may explain the accelerating expansion of the universe, announced by Saul Perlmutter and Brian Schmidt in 1998. His 2003 accelerating-expansion theory is that synchrotron radiation from the dark matter of galaxy clusters would continually lower the clusters’ relativistic mass and thus “[r]educe each galaxy cluster’s gravitational attraction to nearby galaxy clusters, thereby facilitating their more rapid separation” and “[r]aise the galaxy clusters’ [separation] velocities under the Law of Conservation of Linear Momentum.” Aspects of this quadruple-physics-law acceleration theory should be testable by NASA.
Science magazine published a special issue on Jan. 4, 2008, focusing on the universe’s “cosmic web,” the filamentary dark matter structure that appears to connect all galaxy groups and galaxy clusters. Adrian Cho’s Science article “Untangling the Celestial Strings” begins: “Unraveling that ‘cosmic web’ presents astronomers, astrophysicists, and cosmologists with their next great challenge …. The [cosmic] web is the framework on which the universe is built. It consists primarily of ‘dark matter,’ mysterious stuff that makes up 85 percent of the matter in the universe but has revealed itself only through its gravity. Enormous filaments and blobs of the stuff condensed as the universe matured. Within them nestle the galaxies and their stars, creating streams of light stretching between inky voids.”
Scientists have been searching for every possible clue to the nature of dark matter, and the “cosmic web” may provide some of them. The cosmic web structure may also provide clues as to whether the top-down theory of galaxy formation is more applicable to most of the universe than the bottom-up theory. Every piece we manage to fit into a jigsaw puzzle makes the next piece a little easier to discover. If the cosmic web facilitates the discovery of the nature of dark matter or the correct galaxy formation theory, the discovery of the other could follow promptly.
The Science article “The Cosmic Web in Our Own Backyard” begins with: “On the largest scales, matter is strung out on an intricate pattern known as the cosmic web.”
“The tendrils of this web should reach right into our own cosmic backyard, lacing the Galacti halo with lumps of dark matter. The search for these lumps, lit up by stars that formed within them, is a major astronomical endeavor….”
The cosmic web was discovered in the fall of 2004 in the Fornax galaxy cluster. A Sept. 9, 2004, news release from NASA (and Harvard) entitled, “Motions in nearby galaxy cluster reveal presence of hidden superstructure,” regarding Chandra x-ray images of the Fornax cluster, states: “Astronomers think that most of the matter in the universe is concentrated in long large filaments of dark matter and that galaxy clusters are formed where these filaments intersect.” The researchers’ paper (astro-ph/0406216) is entitled, “The Chandra Fornax Survey – I: The Cluster Environment.”
This astronomically established filamentary description of dark matter appears to be much more compatible with the Relativistic-Baryon Dark Matter theory than with the non-baryonic Cold Dark Matter theory. It seems highly unlikely that the filamentary structure of dark matter could be created by very slow moving, weakly interacting (only through gravitational tidal forces) particles.
The vision of large, long dark matter filaments crisscrossing the cosmos gives the impression of high-velocity particles. The crashing of intersecting dark matter filaments creating galaxy clusters gives the impression of a top-down theory of galaxy formation. Both of these impressions point toward and lend support to the Relativistic-Baryon Dark Matter theory and cosmology.
Furthermore, the theoretical weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) of Cold Dark Matter, being non-baryonic, cannot be transformed into hydrogen and helium, the substance of galaxies (and stars), where the filaments of dark matter intersect. On the other hand, the relativistic baryons (protons and helium nuclei), of Relativistic-Baryon Dark Matter, can provide the necessary hydrogen and helium to the galaxy clusters and galaxies where the long filaments of dark matter intersect.
For the above reasons, the September 2004 reports of cosmic filamentary dark matter and the January 2008 reports of “cosmic web” dark matter seem to be very supportive of Drexler’s Relativistic-Baryon Dark Matter theory (originally called the relativistic-proton dark matter theory).
When it was discovered that Drexler’s dark matter theory and postmodern Big Bang cosmology were able to solve more than 15 unsolved cosmic mysteries during the years 2004-2006, Drexler authored the 2006 book, “Comprehending and Decoding the Cosmos: Discovering Solutions to Over a Dozen Cosmic Mysteries by Utilizing Dark Matter Relationism, Cosmology, and Astrophysics.”
This book is cataloged in over 40 libraries; at Harvard, Stanford, Yale, UC Berkeley, UC Santa Cruz, Cornell, Harvard-Smithsonian, Vassar, universities of Hawaii, Toronto, Illinois, Edinburgh, Hamburg, Goettingen, Groningen, Copenhagen, Bologna, Kyoto, Max-Planck-Institut Astrophysik.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Jerome Drexler is a former NJIT Research Professor in physics at New Jersey Institute of Technology, founder and former Chairman and chief scientist of LaserCard Corp. (Nasdaq: LCRD) and former Member of the Technical Staff of Bell Laboratories. He has been awarded 76 U.S. patents, honorary Doctor of Science degrees from NJIT and Upsala College, a degree of Honorary Fellow of the Technion, an Alfred P. Sloan Fellowship at Stanford University, a three-year Bell Labs graduate study fellowship, the 1990 “Inventor of the Year Award” for Silicon Valley and recognition as the inventor of the familiar “Laser Optical Storage System.” He is a member of the NJIT Board of Overseers and an Honorary Life Member of the Technion Board of Governors.