In Biblical times, approximately 3,500 years ago, Moses sent out 12 spies, one from each tribe, to explore Canaan. ~ Numbers 13:1-33.
In the 21st century, to explore land, you use drones. If the circumstance necessitates, drones can also deliver live fire.
Israel uses drones to explore its surrounding foes’ lands.
In a technological context, a drone is an unmanned aircraft, more formally known as an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). Essentially, a drone is a flying robot.
Israel has developed an industry that manufactures technologically advanced drones and several countries, including Azerbaijan, purchase Israeli made drones.
Now there is an allegation that the drones Israel sells to Azerbaijan are used as ‘suicide drones’ in Azerbaijan’s battlefield with Armenia, i.e. the Nagorno-Karabakh region.
About the conflict
The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict took place in the late 1980s to May 1994, in the enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh in southwestern Azerbaijan, between the enclave’s majority ethnic Armenians backed by the Republic of Armenia, and the Republic of Azerbaijan.
The enclave’s parliament voted in favor of uniting itself with Armenia and a referendum, boycotted by the Azerbaijani population of Nagorno-Karabakh, was held, whereby most of the [Armenian majority] voters voted in favor of independence.
The demand to unify with Armenia began in 1988 in a relatively peaceful manner; however, in the following months, as the Soviet Union’s disintegration was approaching, it gradually grew into an increasingly violent conflict between Armenians and Azerbaijanis.
When, on February 20th, 1988, the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast (NKAO) in Azerbaijan parliament voted to unify the region with Armenia, fierce inter-ethnic clashes broke out. Full-scale fighting erupted in the late winter of 1992.
Several International mediations failed to bring about an end resolution that both sides could live with. In the spring of 1993, Armenian forces captured regions outside the enclave itself, threatening the involvement of other countries in the region.
By the end of the war in 1994, Armenia, with Russia’s military assistance, managed to invade the Nagorno-Karabakh region, with the exception of the Shahumyan Region, in addition to seven surrounding areas of Azerbaijan proper. Over 800,000 ethnic Azerbaijanis and Kurds were expelled from the occupied regions of Azerbaijan.
A Russian-brokered ceasefire was signed in May 1994, but regular exchanges of fire and skirmishes continue today and the tension between the two countries is high.
A video uploaded to YouTube allegedly shows what appears to be the IAI (Israel Aerospace Industry) Harop unmanned aerial vehicle flying over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region.
The Washington Post reported that, allegedly, an Israeli made “kamikaze-suicide drone” has allegedly been spotted over the battlefield. The aircraft’s distinct wing shape and nose have lead observers to speculate that it is indeed the Israeli made IAI drone. The Post also reported that apparently the unmanned aircraft rammed into targets and destroyed them. That it targeted a bus full of “Armenian volunteers,” killing seven.
In April 2016, the high tension caused clashes to erupt between troops from Azerbaijani and Armenian troops, each blaming the other for violating the fragile ceasefire once again. Both sides report numerous casualties
Armenia claims that in the 2017 test of the drone it was illegally used to attack Armenian troops. The allegation are that an Israeli company was accused of attempting to bomb the Armenian military on behalf of Azerbaijan during a test run of a ‘suicide drone.’
The story goes back to August 13, 2017, when a report from the Hebrew-language daily newspaper Maariv revealed that the Israeli Defense Ministry recently received an unusual complaint, detailing claims that on July 7th, 2017, a team from Aeronautics Defence Systems company – in the middle of finalizing the sale of the ‘suicide’ drone to Azerbaijan – was asked by Azerbaijan to strike an Armenian military position while demonstrating its Orbiter 1K drone in a live-fire test.
The Orbiter 1K drone, also known as a ‘suicide drone‘ – is a small unmanned aerial vehicle that can carry payloads up to 4.4 pounds and fly directly into an enemy target, detonating a bomb and destroying itself in the process.
It is alleged that Azerbaijan used Israeli suicide drones to attack Armenian troops in the past.
Demonstrations of the drone against live targets is illegal under Israeli law. Aeronautics strongly denied conducting such demonstrations.
For two decades Azerbaijan and Armenia have been in dispute over the mountainous breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh. This region in Azerbaijan has an ethnic Armenian majority. In the past two years, violent clashes at the ceasefire line have escalated and tension is high. The two countries are stockpiling arms. It is said that Azerbaijan purchases arms, and Armenia is being armed – free of charge – by Russia. It is also known that Azerbaijan has purchased weapons from Russia.
Since the 1990s, Azerbaijan and Israel have been close allies. The two countries frequently cooperate on security. As noted above, Azerbaijan is a client of Israeli, buying their military equipment.
The justice pendulum weighs heavily in favor of Azerbaijan. Four passed United Nations Security Council (UNSC) resolutions against Armenia, demanding Armenia withdraw its forces from the Nagorno-Karabakh, fell on Armenia’s deaf ears. Defiant Armenia is not prepared to negotiate a resolution and is constantly escalating live fire skirmishes that claim lives.
Azerbaijan says the allegations against Aeronautics are not true, and are a fabrication by Armenia.
Foreign Policy reported “To justify its illegal occupation of Azerbaijani lands, Armenian military is desperately spreading false and fake news, a spokesperson for the Azeri Embassy in Washington D.C. said.”
Azerbaijan and Israel are believed to have a strong security relationship. It is reported that officials will not speak about this matter. That appears to be an obvious statement to fabricate guilt, because many countries do not divulge all of their relationships.
Foreign Policy says Israel’s Defense Ministry is now investigating Armenia’s claims. The Defense Ministry has suspended the company’s sales and marketing to Azerbaijan. There is no word whether this was done as a precaution or as a result of finding evidence. Aeronautics Defence Systems issued a letter to investors, saying they believe the license freeze is temporary, until investigations conclude.
One week ago, there was a flood of newspaper reports about this alleged event and the investigation. Those stories mainly contained rehashed old news from October this year. There were only two new things in these reports. The first was that the judge in the case was blocking release of any information. The second was that the investigation is being lead by Yahbal, Israel’s Police International Crime Investigations Unit.
It is possible the allegations are true, but they seem too incredible to be true. Would Azerbaijan ask a foreign company to act violently on its behalf? Would a foreign company – in this case an Israeli company familiar with conflicts and their sensitivities – that has no fight with Armenia – agree to such risky behavior and actions? Would a company planning to make a profitable $20M sale shoot itself in the foot? It makes no sense, but the investigation and court case should reveal more.
Support for freedom of alliance
Both Israel and Azerbaijan are sovereign nations and the countries have the full right to cooperate with each other on any matter they choose.
Israel is fully entitled to sell arms to any country, providing it is not a belligerent one.
The difference between Armenia and Azerbaijan is that while Azerbaijan purchases arms to defend itself, Armenia appears to get arms free of cost from Russia. 5000 heavily armed Russian troops are based in Armenia guarding its borders with its neighbors.
The cynical issue is that for the past 25 years Armenia has done all it can, including lying, to deprive Azerbaijan of purchasing weapons it needs to maintain its security and defend itself against Armenian aggression.
Azerbaijan is nestled in a very precarious, unstable and dangerous neighborhood. Just like Israel, Azerbaijan has no security guarantees from anyone but itself. Therefore, the country must take care of itself, just as Israel does.
Here is the real issue. Azerbaijan will not depend on Armenia’s mercy, nor lag behind in the arms race needed to defend itself from Armenian aggression.
Just as Israel manufactures and purchases arms, used to defend herself, Azerbaijan is entitled to the very same right. If the accusations against Aeronautics Defence Systems are untrue, they will fulfill the drone contract with Azerbaijan.