Ten years after the outbreak of war in Darfur, the United States of America today expressed concern that the decade-old war has incessantly led to more suffering to the Darfuri citizens.
In his remarks in Washington DC, State Department acting deputy spokesman Patrick says the United States is deeply concerned that, 10 years after the outbreak of war in Darfur, the Darfuri people continue to suffer from increased insecurity, human rights abuses, and sexual violence
According to Mr. Ventrell, brutal conflict among Sudanese Government forces, rebels, and militias, and continued aerial bombardments and indiscriminate attacks on civilian areas by the Sudanese Armed Forces, in violation of UN Security Council Resolutions, have led to the deaths of nearly 300,000 people, the vast majority unarmed civilians.
He adds over two million Darfuris remain internally displaced and as refugees in neighboring countries. Reversing the cycle of violence and impunity requires accountability for the perpetrators.
US pledges support to bring peace in the country
According to Mr. Ventrell, the United States strongly supports international efforts to bring peace, security, and humanitarian relief to the people of Darfur.
The US government unequivocally supports UNAMID, the joint United Nations-African Union peacekeeping force in Darfur, and demand immediate, unimpeded access for peacekeepers and humanitarians throughout Darfur.
Mr. Ventrell reports over the past decade the United States has provided over $7.5 billion in funding for humanitarian, transition, and peacekeeping assistance for vulnerable populations in Darfur and eastern Chad.
US urges for political reform and reconciliation
Mr. Ventrell underlines that an effective and inclusive political process is urgently needed to avoid another decade of war and to address the crisis of governance that fuels Sudan’s civil wars.
“We call on the Sudanese Government and all rebel groups to engage without preconditions in such a process, using the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur as a basis to achieve a peaceful resolution to the conflict.” – Mr. Ventrell
He says the United States remains a committed partner to the people of Darfur, and to all those working for the more peaceful, stable, and prosperous future they deserve.
Renewed violence in 2013
Earlier this month, the United States of America expressed deep concern on the renewed violent clashes between heavily armed tribal militias in North Darfur and between Sudanese government forces and rebels in Jebel Marra.
The renewed clashes have resulted in civilian deaths and displaced some 100,000 people in need of humanitarian assistance.
The conflict began when two Arab tribes,the Beni Hussein and the Northern Rezigat fought over rights to gold mines.
US notes that in just the first month of 2013, more civilians have been newly displaced by violence in Darfur than in all of 2012.
US addresses the turmoil
To meet the humanitarian needs of those affected by these clashes, the US calls on the Sudanese government to grant UN agencies unrestricted access to all areas of Darfur, and to work closely with UN agencies, humanitarian actors, and the African Union – United Nations Hybrid operation in Darfur (UNAMID) to deliver assistance.
In addition, UNAMID has received reports of fighting earlier this month between the Abbala and Beni Hussein tribes in the Jabel Amir area of North Darfur.
On 13 and 14 January, UNAMID deployed a team, consisting of civilian, military and police personnel, to the three affected areas. The team found evidence of mass displacement, including those displaced from their homes in villages around El Sereif, along with workers who said they had fled from the work sites at the Jabel Amir gold mines as a result of the fighting.
According to reports, an estimated 70,000 people have been displaced and more than 100 killed since the clashes broke out.
Record of Previous Violence
In October 2012, security situation deteriorated in North Darfur as clashes between Sudanese forces and rebels continue to rage in the region.
Reports say aerial bombardment of civilian areas by the Sudanese armed forces has killed seventy civilians in Hashaba, North Darfur last week.
The United States was appalled by the recent deadly attack on a patrol of the United Nations African Union Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) on October 2 in El Geneina, West Darfur, which resulted in the death of four peacekeepers and the injury of eight others.
The US renewsed call on the Government of Sudan and the Darfur Regional Authority to conduct promptly full and credible investigations into all attacks against UNAMID, and to hold the perpetrators accountable.
In September 2012, security situation has lso began deteriorating at North Darfur’s town of Kutum as violence rages again in the South Sudanese state, leading to several casualties.
Reports say rash of shootings, including an assassination attempt on a local official were cited by United Nations-African Union peacekeeping mission in Darfur, known by the acronym UNAMID.
According to UNAMID, the incidents reportedly resulted in several dead and wounded, and UNAMID evacuated wounded civilians to El-Fasher by helicopter for emergency medical treatment.
Earlier in August 2012, the United Nations Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) leadership expressed its deep concern over the spread of violence and attacks against civilian population in Kutum, North Darfur.
The series of incidents began on 1 August when the Commissioner of the district of Alwaha, in Kutum town, and his driver were shot dead.
On the same day armed men surrounded Kassab, looted the market, burnt down the Sudanese Police post in the camp and reportedly killed four persons.
Reports say UNAMID has taken measures, including 24/7 protection force presence in affected IDP camps to protect civilians and reinforced the strength of its forces.