The Egyptian General’s Pretext

Dear NewsBlaze Editor:

In light of yesterday’s speech by Egypt’s General El Sissi, I thought you might be interested in this timely piece.

Sincerely, Abukar Arman

Unless it is averted by transcendental intervention or by the collective effort of those who possess the political or economic capacity to influence the Egyptian Army, the stage in Egypt is set for bloody massacres, or worse, a civil war. The excerpts below would underline a thinly-veiled pretext.

On July 24, 2013, General Abdel-Fattah El Sissi delivered his second most important speech since the one he delivered hours after he overthrew Egypt’s first civilian and the only elected president, Mohammad Morsi. The content of this speech has the potential to declare him as a perpetrator of crimes against humanity.

Speaking at a military academy, before a graduating class, their families and guests, General El Sissi spoke like a man who possesses absolute power. And while wearing the Persol shades often used by stereotypical dictators of ‘Banana Republics’ and communist tyrants to project fear, mystique, and hide any eye contact and facial language that may undermine the message, El Generalissimo certainly looked the part.

Courtship into Infamy

“We are faced with threats of violence and terrorism,” said the General. “Some say the Egyptian army is divided, and that it might turn against itself. In the name of God (3 times) our army is as unified as a single heart in a single man;” he added. He said that he told the Muslim Brotherhood (after ousting Mubarak) to not nominate a candidate. “I told them they need more knowledge, more efforts and the upcoming phase is very critical, so I advised them not to nominate anyone and they thanked me and left but they didn’t listen.”

Therefore what, one may wonder!

About the overthrown President, Mohammad Morsi, he had this to say: “I sat with the former President for two hours from 11:00 am to 1:00 pm. I told him about the conditions on the ground and told him he was to address the public and handed him talking points. The next thing I knew was the speech that he delivered. I was shocked. Is this the speech that we agreed on?” said the General. While this may resonate with the portion of Egyptians that supported the coup, to the great majority of supporters of democracy in Egypt and around the world, this very assertion of power by a Minister of Defense toward his President confirms – beyond the shadow of doubt – that what happened on July 3rd was nothing other than a military coup.

The climax of the speech was reached when – after a few cloying praises for the army and the (June 30) revolutionary Egyptians, the General made this direct appeal: “On this coming Friday I need you to give me mandate and indeed an order to counter the violence and the imminent terrorism facing us. I never requested anything from you before. I want you to come out in masses. I want you to show the world that you have a will and a say, and that you want us to act on your behalf to end terrorism.”

Privileged Security

“Please, my fellow Egyptians, carry this responsibility with me. I don’t want you to think I want violence. Military and police will provide your security and ensure your safety,” he reassured his audience and other supporters watching his speech via State Television.

Never mind that neither the military nor the police have been securing the safety of the AntiCoup masses who have been protesting literally day and night for four straight weeks!

In his capacity as Defense Minister and the Commander of the armed forced, General El Sissi does not legally need a public mandate to employ military force in the protection of his country in the Sinai boarder, he does, however, need a PR buffer to protect his military’s image; especially, when he is bent on bypassing the Interior Ministry and its security apparatus which is in charge of dealing with terrorism.

Rhetoric of Genocide

If General El Sissi’s message wasn’t clear enough, here is what the youth-led Tamarud Movement posted on its facebook to a half a million friends:

“We call on all the great people of Egypt to come out in masses this Friday to demand the prosecution of Muhammad Morsi and lend support to the armed forces in its upcoming fight against terrorism and cleansing traitors out of Egypt. We will fight against terrorism publically and militarily.”

This, needless to say, is dangerous language. This type of demonization and clear mission to ‘cleanse’ has historically led to massacres and genocides around the world.

According to Aljazeera, immediately after General El Sissi’s speech, the Egyptian military was placed on a state of high alert “to protect people from violence and terrorism.”

The Muslim Brotherhood and its rapidly growing pro-democracy allies have been rejecting the systematic demonization process aimed to isolate them as violent and terrorists. They have been arguing that violent extremists and terrorists don’t bring their wives, children, and parents to the public squares to join them in demonstrations under the baking sun, or to fields to protest with them and camp for weeks. Despite all of that, they have been on the defensive, though they are the ones who were being dealt with, with an iron fist. Both Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch have documented human rights violations against the Islamist masses and their supporters. They have been the victims of random killings – including the shooting in the back of unarmed civilians – arbitrary mass arrests, and overt political muzzling as all of their media outlets, as well as those accused of being sympathizers, have been shut down. To the perpetrators, repression is necessary to establish convenient facts on the ground.

Against that backdrop, the Muslim Brotherhood and its allies have rejected a call for national dialogue for two main reasons: First, the call is coming from the very group who masterminded the coup. Second, the restoration of the illegally suspended constitution, the arrested President and the dissolved Shura Council is the litmus test to indicate genuine desire for a negotiated political solution.

Vice Chairman of the Freedom and Justice party, Essam Elerian, was quick to respond with a facebook statement and a tweet:

“The local, regional, and international alliance that supported the military coup would be responsible of the (imminent) oppression against the Egyptian people and the spilling of their blood.”

“Your threat will not prevent millions to rally against coup. You are a coup leader and people have rejected the coup.”


All kinds of labeling are targeted against the Muslim Brotherhood despite the fact that as early as July 8, as dozens of their members were massacred while they were praying, Mohammed Badie, the leader of the brotherhood, has publicly been saying: “Our revolution is a peaceful one and it would remain as such. Our peaceful approach is mightier than their bullets.”

To publicly ascertain their determination and commitment to continue their marathon peaceful demonstration, they declared this Qur’anic verse – what Abel told his brother Cain when he came to kill him – as their motto: “If you should raise your hand against me to kill me – I shall not raise my hand against you to kill you. Indeed, I fear God, Lord of the worlds.”

Abukar Arman
Abukar Arman is Somalia's Special Envoy to the United States, living in Ohio. Abukar writes about issues that affect Somalia and its people and the relationship between Somalia and the USA.