Serbian President Nikolic: Serbia Wants Kosovo and EU

3699

Serbian President Nikolic isn’t listening to the EU. He says Serbia wants both Kosovo and EU membership and hopes by repeating this that the EU will give in.

“Some representatives of the EU are hinting that Serbia’s entry into the European community of nations might be conditional on recognizing Kosovo and Metohija. If it really be demanded of us, it means that they do not want us. Serbia, a UN member, wants to enter Europe as a whole – it’s either that or nothing,” said Serbian President Tomislav Nikolic. Nikolic said this in his statement in the northern Serbian city Zrenjanin on Serbia’s armed forces day and victory over fascism in the Second World War (May 9, 1945). [b92]

But Serbia’s President Tomislav Nikolic should be quite clear with himself that the European Union(EU) cannot meet his miserable desire because of the simple fact that Kosovo isn’t Serbia’s colony (1912-1999), but an independent and sovereign state recognized by 112 countries of the United Nations (from February 17, 2008 at present-2016).

Kosovo and EU

This is main reason why the European Union will never accept Serbia’s request to join it with Kosovo as an integrated part of Serbia. It cannot be done, because Kosovo isn’t Serbia, but a part of Ethnic Albania.

EU Problem With Serbia

Serbia - Nikolic wants Kosovo and EU.The strategic goal of the European Union is to Europeanize Western Balkans countries such as Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Macedonia and Kosovo. However, the EU’s long term integrative strategy depends on acceleration of the development and democratization of Balkans countries. In this context, there is a big problem for the EU, how to incorporate Serbia as a full member like the other Balkans countries in the future because officially, Belgrade still doesn’t agree with the new democratic philosophical concepts and standards of the European Union.

There are several very serious obstacles and reasons why Serbia cannot join the European Union (EU) as a full member like 27 other European countries. Officials in Belgrade try to disregard and minimize those when speaking to Europe and the international community.
Although Serbia signed the Stabilization and Association Agreement with the EU ( April 29, 2008 ) as a first step (condition) to be taken in consideration of its candidacy for forthcoming EU membership, there are two main factors that could be affected negatively in fulfillment of its very important dream.

According to EU standards and criteria of its enlargement with new members, first, Serbia must clarify interstate relations with its former colony, Kosovo. On 17 February, 2008 Kosovo became a new independent state unilaterally recognized by the United States and European Union, except four EU members Spain, Slovakia, Romania and Cyprus.

If Serbia is not yet ready to recognize Kosovo as an independent state, obviously its candidacy to join the EU will only be a big question-mark, postponed for another time.

If Serbia doesn’t meet this principal condition recognizing Kosovo as an independent state like the other 112 countries of the international community, realistically it should not be on any list of priorities for economic, commercial, or political support of the EU. Serbia was the main instigator of the recent Bosnian, Croatian and Kosovo wars (1990-1999), and it could yet cause considerable problems and conflicts in the Balkans in the twenty-first century.

We have a fear and doubt, based on official statements by Serbia ‘s top political leaders, such as the current President Tomislav Nikolic. Nikolic makes continually unbalanced declarations, shelling interior and exterior public opinion, saying “no to further European integration if we are forced to choose between joining the EU and fighting to preserve sovereignty over Kosovo. This is Serbia’s top strategic policy priorities, no Kosovo, no EU.”

Serbia’s Absurd Irrational Request

According to Tomislav Nikolic’s statement, Serbian authorities are willing to join the EU, but only on the condition that the EU is ready to accept their policy that Kosovo returns back under the colonial sovereignty of Serbia (1912-1999). But for EU this absurd and irrational political and diplomatic request is not acceptable because with the United States, they recognized Kosovo’s independence on February 17, 2008.

The EU’s message is quite clear and intelligible, if Serbia really wants to turn a new page in its history, towards democratization and peaceful politics. As a first serious step, it needs to move toward normalization of interstate relations with its neighbor countries with which it was at war during the last decade of the twentieth century (1990-1999).

Why Is Serbia Still a Problem for Balkans?

Serbia is a problem because on the one hand, Serbs want to join the EU democratically and peacefully, and on the other hand they want to keep Slobodan Milosevic’s ambitious political national strategy of Great Serbia, considering still Kosovo as Serbia’s colonial plunder (1912-1999).

Dobrica Cosic is a Serbian hard liner nationalist and famous writer, known by Serbs as “the father of the Serbian Nation.” According to Cosic, “the US and modern-day European philosophy on multi-ethnic states and societies in the Balkans, notably in the areas of Bosnia and Kosovo, in fact represents a manifestation of violence and a new form of colonization.” [Helsinki.org])

Dobrica Cosic’s stereotypical political call was understood and interpreted realistically and objectively by human rights and freedoms combatant in Belgrade’s Helsinki Center, Dr. Sonja Biserko. She wrote: “Serbia still hopes that in the midst of the global chaos it shall realize its intentions relating to re-composing of the Balkans. Cosic still maintains that the Balkans cannot be Europeanized until it is defined in ethnic and state terms.” [Helsinki.org]

This is the main problem why Serbia, one day is ready to become a democratic EU member, and the next day, to keep, and openly manifest its nationalist regressive ideas about Europeanization and democratization of Balkans countries.

These dusky and ambiguous attitudes and behaviors of the top Serbian authorities are sufficient to doubt that Serbia morally and formally is ready to join the EU as a democratic state according to EU standards and criteria. The EU wants enlargement with new members such as Serbia and Western Balkans countries in the future under its terms, not Serbia’s.

In this case, we cannot blame Kosovo in any way, but Serbia, because it still is a problem and a peril for neighbor countries maintaining peace and stability in the Balkans.

In favor of our assessment is the testimony of Vice President for Post-Conflict Peace and Stability Operations Daniel Serwer before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee (March 2008). Serwer said “Serbia, not Kosovo, is the problem in the Balkans. The Serbian government is trying to turn back the clock. Parliament, where no Kosovar has sat since Milosevic deprived the province of autonomy almost 20 years ago, announced it had annulled the independence declaration and declared deployment of an EU mission to maintain rule of law unacceptable. The Supreme Court failed to act when the Serbian government struck Kosovars from the voter rolls to ensure approval of a new constitution prohibiting recognition of Kosovo’s independence, but it quickly denounced the independence declaration as illegal.” [USIP]

Serbia Threatens The European Union

The above outline says that while Serbia has territorial ambitions toward independent Kosovo, the European Union should not allow it to become full member of the EU.

The EU has the right to not accept any other state in the Balkans with unsettled territorial problems as they are Serbia, Albania, Macedonia, Montenegro and Bosnia.

While official politics and diplomacy of the Serbian leadership is lobbying worldwide (especially in Africa and Asia), that the UN countries should not recognize Kosovo as an independent state, as well as threaten the EU that Serbia will never recognize Kosovo, the European Union should lock its doors for Serbia. There should be NO access because official Belgrade wants back its previous colony – Kosovo, and this means calls for war. This proves and Nikolic confirmed with his threatening statement to the EU: “Serbia with Kosovo in EU as an integral whole, or nothing.”

This means war to return Kosovo under former colonial and genocidal Serbia (1912-19). For this purpose, Belgrade has also invented dialogue in Brussels within the EU (2013-2016) allegedly on behalf of the normalization of relations between Serbia and Kosovo.

This is a political and diplomatic trick even for Kosovo, and for the European Union, because ipso facto, Belgrade doesn’t want any normalization with Republic of Kosovo, only its returning back under the reign of Serbia (1912-1999), of course through dialogue and peacefully with mediation and with the help of the EU.

This is the main and final strategic reason why Serbia is fighting politically and diplomatically to be integrated in the European Union, but not without “its Kosovo.”

Mehdi Hyseni is an Albanian Ph.D. in International Political Relations, residing in Boston.