Poor Governance Causes Downfall of Nepal

The aspirations of the people are the best law. To implement the thoughts of the people the political leaders should have to fulfill the needs of people. The people’s oriented leadership always empathizes on the development of the country. Nepal’ is known as the place from where world civilization started. Nepal is a sovereign ancient nation with its traditional identity. Nepal is a mini-world. Physically, Nepal is built of high Himalayas including the highest peak in the world, hills and the low-land Tarai.

People belonging to different ethnic groups settle here. The soil in this country varies from place to place. It differs from east to the west and hills to the Tarai. The farmers here produce different edible crops. Whatever crops are available in the nook and corner of the globe, we can produce them in Nepal’s soil. The Himalayan region of the north is the store of fresh water and it is ecologically very rich. There are almost 100 peaks in Nepal’s Himalayas. More than one million visitors come to Nepal every year for wildlife viewing, river rafting, and mountain climbing. Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world, and Kanchenjunga, the third highest peak is in Nepal and hundreds of mountaineers from across the world come to conquer them.

Nepal is blessed by the nature with several rivers, lakes, streams and fountains. Nepal has ample sources of water in the form of white gold. Nepal can also be a great store of food-grains if well irrigated and it has high potential of hydroelectric energy. As Arabian countries are god gifted with sufficient Petroleum products, Nepal has sufficient water for hydroelectricity, which can be used to earn foreign currencies. Dense forest, rare animals and more than 800 types of birds plus herbal plants make Nepal a nature friendly and very rich country in many ways.

The Himalayan country Nepal is known as a unique natural, cultural and adventurous destination in the tourism map of the world. Nepal is a land of eternal attraction, a place where one visit is hardly ever enough. It’s a land of colorful cultures, ancient history and people, superb scenery and some of the best walking on earth. Nepal is one of the best tourism destinations in the world. Many of the tourists and the foreigners claim, “Nepal is the most beautiful place in the world.”

Though Nepal is a small country, it is a common home of various ethnic communities and caste groups. The national aspirations can’t be met by belittling any of the castes and sub-castes. Nepal is fortunate enough to have one-cultural nationalism. This culture is made with the components of Hinduism and Buddhism. Tolerance and civilization make our sublime culture. Many visitors come to the pilgrimage to Hindu and Buddhist sacred places. Nepal is rich and complex mixture of different cultures and traditions, melded over thousands of years into a unique whole. Though Nepal is a small country it is rich in ancient history, evidences various types of accidents, feelings and events.

But, it is the misfortune of Nepal that those at the helm of the government were never responsible towards the nation and people. Nepal is richest in natural and cultural resources. Due to the traitors’ regime since 2006, Nepal is converted in the ranks of the poorest nations in the world and this is because there are no sincere leaders and people’s representatives. Leaders of the political parties are always tangled up in petty disputes and are carelessly playing with the prestige of the nation.

It will not be preposterous to say that the country is passing through an extremely delicate phase. The first Constituent Assembly (CA) faced a humiliating debacle and could not deliver the much-desired new constitution. Though the second election for a new CA has been successfully completed, the country does not seem closer to a constitution. There has been no any mitigation in the cavernous gulf amongst the political parties that led to the dissolution of the first CA. What is more worrisome is that the major parties continue to seem obsessed with fighting over trivial issues. Due to the corrupted and traitors’ regime, Nepal is known as a very poor country. But, actually, Nepal is rich in every aspect.

An analyst Bec Ordish writes- ‘Nepal is not a poor country; it is just poorly governed.’ ‘Nepali Congress (NC) and CPN (UML) again seem to be fascinated with dog-eat-dog competition for pouncing upon greater chunk in the share of power. Similarly, the UCPN (Maoist) is again using wayward tactics to meet its own political end. The threat to boycott the CA citing “massive vote rigging” can, in no way, be termed as a rational political exercise. Other parties who suffered humiliating defeat in the CA election is also crying foul by backing the Maoists. The parties are also nominating many businessmen as their PR candidates in exchange of the kickback provided to political leaders.’

Of course, in any parliamentary democracy, the instances of political bargaining are not totally unnatural. However, as far as Nepali politics goes, the rule of political haggling violates minimum morality and ethics. It is grossly unethical and unscrupulous political methods that constantly marred the entire nation. Genuine needs and aspirations of general people have often been subjugated to the hedonistic desire of politicos. I think the political scenario would have again been dominated by the absurd melodrama.

‘In order to overthrow the monarchy and establish a republic by the hints of Congress (I) of India. Yet, international powers also have no desire to address the factors that led to the insurgency and revolution in the first place- underdevelopment, widespread poverty and inequality, caste and gender discrimination, ethno-national oppression, and so on. What they would like is a pastiche of India, a liberal, parliamentary democratic set up with no real substantive transformation of society. Due to this external influence, Nepal has not been able to engage in autonomous development.

The Indian diplomats are accused of blatantly taking sides in confrontations between various actors and institutions in Nepal. Such foreign interferences created enough stimuli to incite domestic disaffection and the abject failure of the Nepali leadership of all hue to preserve the core national interest intensified the disillusionment further. Undoubtedly, not a single Nepali politician attained the standard of that standalone statesman, capable of preventing his motherland from descending into a morass of myopia, corruption and caprice. They surely must take the blame for the exodus of 6 million people in search of economic opportunities elsewhere due to perpetual political stalemate. The Indian strategic establishment can no longer repeat the past mistakes if they want to preserve domestic as well as regional peace and stability. Rather, it is time for New Delhi to act in a way that does not put into quandary a realistic chance of achieving a democratic zone of peace in the Indian subcontinent.

The unnecessary intervention of Congress (I) since 2005, Nepal has been standing on the verge of dismemberment in the last eight years. Nepal has been always showing goodwill towards India. Cordial people to people level relations between Nepal and India has existed since ancient times due to our similar cultural and religious traditions. Since May 2014, BJP Hindu nationalist party won India and the India found the very innovative Prime Minister Narendra Modi in India. Nepal and India have to keep friendly relations each other. But, since 2005, Congress (I) and its RAW’s nefarious conspirator roles had humiliated the cordial situation between us.

The permanent institution- ‘Monarchy’ can put unites the cordial relation between Nepal, India and China. Nepal’s monarchy had been playing a balanced role between the two big neighbors-China & India. We hope, the BJP Govt. should have to change the nefarious design of former Congress (I) Govt. and it’s RAW to maintain the cordial relation with Nepal. We hope, BJP Govt. respects Nepal’s sovereignty the Prime Minister of India should decide the conspirator roles of South Block and RAW’s against Nepal proposing the to be in existence the Hindu Kingdom and constitutional monarchy in Nepal.

Nepal doesn’t have to be poor. It is rich in natural resources- it has one of the highest quantities of water supplies in the world. So why are there water shortages and lack of electricity? It has the geography to grow lots of wonderful products in high demand in other parts of the world. The country spent billions of rupees to conduct the 2nd CA elections, yet, there is no certainty that a constitution will be written within one year or even within four years. Even if the constitution is drafted, whether that will be acceptable to all or the constitution is going to be burnt immediately after its issuance. So, it is uncertainty to format the new constitution. Then, if we enrich our level of understanding, many of the problems would be automatically resolved. First of all, the traitors and corrupts from 2006, should be punished. Then, we Nepalese people can adjust our way of life prosperous keeping sovereignty intact reinstating the norms of 1990 constitution for the sake of Nepal’s stability.

The constituent Assembly (CA) can’t format the constitution. Nepali Congress leader and senior advocate Devendra Nepali expresses, “If the interim constitution 2006 fails to draft a new constitution then it will automatically dissolve and become defunct. The existence of the political parties was accepted as per the 1990 constitution; in this sense the 1990 constitution is seen as the legal parent of the political parties. It was established by the 1990 constitution viewing the people as sovereign. The dissolution of the interim constitution will automatically revive and activate the constitutional monarchy, multiparty parliamentary system and all other organs and institutions under 1990 constitution. It is fallacious to posit a nation without a constitution when the legality of the 1990 constitution revives.” If not implement the 1990 constitution the situation would have created uncertainty, confusion and anarchy in Nepal. So, to keep intact Nepal’s sovereignty, there must be focused to keep in existence-the constitutional monarchy and Hindu kingdom honoring the national integrity.

D.R. Prasai
Dirgha Raj Prasai is a former Member of Parliament in Nepal, a political analyst who writes from Kathmandu.