The head of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) today reported that drug dependence claims some 250,000 lives annually.
To tackle the prevailing rise of drug dependence around the the world, UNODC Executive Director Yury Fedotov today
urged States to intensify prevention strategies as part of a comprehensive response to drug demand, supply and trafficking.
“At present, the balance between our work on the supply and demand sides stays firmly in favour of the supply side. We must restore the balance.” – Mr. Fedotov
In his remarks at the opening in Vienna of the 55th session of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND), Mr. Fedotov said prevention, treatment, rehabilitation, reintegration and health have to be recognized as key elements in their strategy.
“Overall, our work on the treatment side must be considered as part of the normal clinical work undertaken when responding to any other disease in the health system.” -Mr. Fedotov
The Commission is the central UN policy-making body dealing with illicit drugs. Its current session brings together ministers and anti-drug officials from its 53 member States to consider issues such as the availability of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances for medical and scientific purposes and preventing the diversion of chemicals for the manufacture of illicit drugs.
Mr. Fedotov highlighted regional initiatives being spearheaded by UNODC in the context of shared responsibility among drug-consuming and drug-producer nations to combat the security threats posed by illicit drug flows.
UNODC has launched a Regional Programme for Afghanistan and neighbouring countries to help create a broad international coalition to combat opiate trafficking, opium poppy cultivation and production.
Traffickers and criminals around the world have profited a shocking $61 billion from Afghan opiates, while placing almost 16.5 million people at risk, including in Russia, Central Asia, Pakistan, Iran, Europe, and Afghanistan itself.
Counter-narcotics ministers from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran signed Triangular Initiative that will increase the exchange of information to tackle drug trafficking in the region on November 2011.
UNODC is set launch a new Regional Programme for South-Eastern Europe, which will focus on the “Balkan Route” of heroin.
Mr. Fedotov noted that, as important as these initiatives are, tackling supply only was not the solution.
“Let me be clear: there can be no reduction in drug supply, without a reduction in drug demand, more should be done to address demand.”-Mr. Fedotov
Drugs pose a threat to the health and security of not only Afghanistan, but Iran and Pakistan as well, and many other countries beyond. It is one of several issues the international community will discuss next week in Bonn, Germany, during the International Conference on Afghanistan.