Time to Blend Nationalism and Democratic Socialism in Nepal


In the context of Nepal, King Mahendra used to say – the irresponsible leaders of the parties divide not only the people but also the nation. So, King Mahendra implemented the Partyless system and had protected Nepal from foreign interference by maintaining a balance between India and China. But some Pancha leaders misused this balancing act and after 29 years, in 1990 the congress and communists could agitate for multi-party democracy with the backing of the foreigners. Whatever happened, it was good that multi-party was established. But the congress, UML and the corrupt Panchas of yesterday destroyed the democratic norms and values, looted the country and invited foreign interference.

The Maoists were born because of the mis-management and mis-governance of the congress and UML. That resulted in the killing of more than 15,000 people including police and army, tens of thousand others were injured and maimed and billions of rupees worth of physical infrastructure were destroyed. After 10 years of this mayhem, the Maoists sided with the same congress and UML they had fought and hanging on to the tail of RAW the Indian intelligence agency, signed the 12-point agreement (22th Nov. 2005).

The agitation was stalled after the reinstatement of the parliament in a staged drama of reaching an agreement with the King. After reinstatement of the parliament they scrapped the King’s powers and made the Prime Minister who had taken oath from the King as head of state. The Interim Constitution was declared on the basis of secular state, republic and on ethnic lines. The Interim Constitution that walked the unconstitutional path by stepping over constitutionalism was in itself handicapped. The declaration of republic on May 28, was unconstitutional. This was a treacherous step of the Congress, UML and Maoists.

Nepalese cannot remain safe and protected by displacing monarchy that has remained the protector of the people and the main stem of Nepalese sovereignty. Former Prime Minister (1959-60) B.P Koirala, (founder of Nepali-Congress Democratic Party) after his return from exile in 1977 had said-‘Monarchy was needed, not just to the Nepali Congress but to all, those who want this country safe and protected. He did not mean the ruler should be cruel. Everyone should be united and this was his policy of reconciliation’ But Girija, (former PM) BP’s own brother is breaking up the country by advocating republic. B.P. used to say that it was anti-national and treachery to incite and instigate the ethnic groups, Madhesis, Pahadis, Limbus, Rais and others to weaken the country. This was exactly what Girija has done. The country has fallen into danger because of the unholy alliance of the congress, UML and the Maoists. All the parties, the congress, UML, Maoists, Madeshi and RPP are besieged by opportunist leaders. The constitution assembly election was a grand design of India to destroy this country.

It is a matter of joke that the deceitful CA and the 601 puppet members of CA do not do any good for Nepalese politics.

It is nothing but a paradox that they wanted to make a new constitution from the constituent assembly when they could have gained everything they wanted by amending the constitution of 1990. All sector of the country has become restive and chaotic after the Pandora’s Box of constitution assembly was opened.

Even after hundreds of people killed and hundreds of other injured and maimed and Terai befalling into flame of ethnic, sectarian and communal disturbances and physical infrastructure worth billions destroyed the Girija-led government did not want to take any responsibility. Those lost than a dozen Madhesis who are bent on splitting the Terai from the country are none other than agents of RAW, who have done nothing for the Terai. The nationalist people of Terai once should find and punish these Quislings.

The formation of Nepal is a collective effort of its monarchs and the people. But, When B.P. Koirala was Prime minister (1959-61); the Indians started cheating Nepal taking advantage their friendship with him. King Mahendra would not have dared to take the step of 1961 if the country had not fallen into a deep crisis. 48 years ago, King Mahendra had sacrificed himself to save the country. After the King took over power in 1961 he started so many reforms like- He banned foreigners from buying land and property in Nepal, Indian soldiers that were positioned here on the pretext of protecting Nepal were removed with any condition, Nepalese currency were made compulsory in transaction instead of Indian currency, the construction of East-West Highway was started when before that Nepalese had to use Indian route to reach from one district of Nepal to another. When Hindi language was almost gobbled up, Nepalese language was restarted the official language and was made compulsory in curriculum. More than 50 industries were established. Land reform programme was implemented and the civil code outlawed all kinds of discriminations and untouchables. Why the Congress & Communists are forgetting the contributions of King Mahendra? I think they have no answer.

Now, in Nepal, the Maoist leader Prachanda is leading the government. But, they are confused in their political activities. In the name of transforming the country into ‘New Nepal’ Maoists are trying to destroy Nepalese culture and traditions. Some Maoist leaders are pleading people-republic (One-party communist dictatorship) and some are democratic republic. The Nepalese people launched many political movements but the condition of the people is not satisfactory. There is extra judicial killings, abductions, threats andextorsion continue to hit the commoners. The Maoist govt. has not provided security to the people. So, the condition of Nepal is danger.

It is a matter of grief. In such condition, Why UN & America (Pleader of Democracy & Human rights) are silence?

King Mahendra saved Nepal (1961) from the clutches of India.

King Mahendra and Congress leader B.P. Koirala have become history and we should be able to evaluate history without prejudices and biases. Now, King Mahendra’s partyless system and BP’s India-leaning policy have become obsolete. However, it is not mandatory we should be able to blend Mohandas’ nationalism and BP’s democratic socialism to strengthen parliamentary democracy. If the Maoists really want to save the country and make it prosperous, they must take a constructive path, reinstating the monarchy and work along with the king.

The Nepalese are and fell protected only when there will be monarchy. The monarchy was pivotal in integrating Nepal, establishing democratic and just society at par with the modern world. So, the monarchy must be reinstated. There would be the acceptance and restoration of benevolent and people-oriented monarchy. Only this option will open the doors for political resolution in Nepal.

Dirgha Raj Prasai is a former Member of Parliament in Nepal, a political analyst who writes from Kathmandu.