With the Obama administration making more progress on thawing the relationship with longtime enemy Iran and its newly elected President Hassan Rouhani, speculations started to stir the headlines if the Iran is open for business these days.
In an interview Jake Tapper of CNN’s The Lead, US Secretary of State John Kerry addressed the issue by saying that Iran is not open for business, and Iran knows it’s not open for business.
Secretary Kerry explained tha the US has announced increased sanctions against particular companies since the nuclear agreement was reached.
“We have told the Iranians that we will continue to apply the sanctions.” – Secretary Kerry
Secretary Kerry underlined that the US government has made it clear to every other country that the sanctions regime remains in place.
He underscored that a country may send some business people in Iran, however they are not able to contravene the sanctions.
He said that countries will will be sanctioned istead if they do, and they know it. In addition, the US can put them on notice.
Secretary Kerry clarified that the United States is prepared to enforce the sanctions that exist, and all of its allies are in agreement that those sanctions are staying in place until or unless there is a deal.
the nuclear deal
During the interview, Secretary Kerry highlighted the details of the nuclear agreement with IRan.
“Let let me be very specific with the American people and the world who listen to CNN about what this agreement does.” – Secretary Kerry
He notes that this agreement takes Iran’s stockpile of 20 percent uranium, and they have to reduce it to zero meaning they have to get rid of it.
In addition, Iran not allowed to grow their 3.5 percent stockpile of uranium of which they cannot do anything except replace an existing centrifuge.
Iran is also obliged to literally stop the construction of their heavy water reactor.
The Fordow underground facility and of the Natanz nuclear plant is also subject for thorough inspection. And to do that, US government has people in there every single day for inspection purposes.
“We’ve actually frozen their program in place and have rolled it back to the degree that they’re destroying some of their stockpile.” – Secretary Kerry
Secretary Kerry aasured the world that Israel is Israel and the region are safer today than they were before the agreement was made.
Will Iran give up its uranium enrichment?
In December 2013, highlighting that Iran must not acquire a nuclear weapon, US Secretary of State John Kerry today underlined that the Iran nuclear deal will further US national security.
In his testimony on the P5+1’s First Step Agreement with Iran on its Nuclear Program before the House Foreign Affairs Committee in Washington DC, Secretary Kerry said the national security of the United States is stronger under the first-step agreement than it was before.
He added that even Israel’s national security is stronger than it was the day before they entered into this agreement.
According to Secretary Kerry, once implemented, the agreement halts the progress of Iran’s nuclear program and rolls it back in certain places for the first time in nearly ten years.
Kerry highlighted that once they can conclude a comprehensive agreement that addresses all concerns, there’s an important fact: Iran’s nuclear program will not move forward.
Will Iran Halt Its Uranium Enrichment?
Secretary Kerry stated that under this agreement, Iran will have to neutralize and end its entire stockpile of 20 percent enriched uranium, which is a short step away from weapons-grade uranium.
Under this agreement, Iran will forfeit all of that 20 percent, that 200 kilogram stockpile.
In addition, Iran will also halt the enrichment above 5 percent and it will not be permitted to grow its stockpile of 3.5 percent enriched uranium under the agreement.
Many Eyes Watching Iran
Iran has tried to conceal its nuclear activities for 18 years in breach of its obligations under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. IAEA General of the International Atomic Energy Agency, Yukiya Amano, renewed his call on Iran to grant inspectors access to the Parchin nuclear facility site.
At a meeting of the IAEA’s Board of Governors in Vienna, Mr. Amano highlighted that despite intensified dialogue between the IAEA and Iran since the beginning of the year, no concrete results had been achieved.
Reports say Iran’s nuclear programme has become a matter of international concern since the discovery in 2003 that the country had concealed its nuclear activities for 18 years in breach of its obligations under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
Iran has repeatedly stated that its nuclear programme is for the peaceful purpose of providing energy, but many countries believe it is seeking to develop nuclear weapons.
In March 2012, the head of the Security Council committee monitoring the arms embargo imposed on Iran over its nuclear programme reported new cases of reported violations by Iran.
Ambassador Nestor Osorio of Colombia noted in his quarterly report that four Member States submitted a report regarding a violation of the resolution prohibiting Iran from carrying out activities related to ballistic missiles capable of delivering nuclear weapons.
A Member State had also provided information on the results of inspections carried out on material confiscated in February last year from a truck on Iran’s border with Syria. Another Member State had brought to the committee’s attention a public statement by the Secretary-General of Hizbollah, dated 7 February, in which he acknowledged that his group had received “material support in all possible and available forms from Iran.”
In December 2002, satellite photographs shown on U.S. television confirm the existence of sites at Natanz and Arak. The United States then accused Tehran of “across-the-board pursuit of weapons of mass destruction.” Iran agrees to inspections by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). In February 2003, Iranian President Mohammad Khatami revealed that Iran discovered uranium deposits and announced plans to develop a nuclear fuel cycle.
On 23rd December 2006, the 15-member UN Security Council unanimously adopted a binding resolution that called on Iran to suspend its uranium-enrichment activities and to comply with its IAEA obligations.
Resolution 1737 directed all states to prevent the supply or sale to Iran of any materials that could assist its nuclear or ballistic missile programmes. It also imposed an asset freeze on key companies and individuals named by the UN as contributors to Iran’s nuclear and missile programmes.
Resolution 1737 was strengthened by resolution 1747 the following year, which imposed a ban on arms sales to or from Iran, and expanded an existing freeze on assets. It also tightened the sanctions by imposing a ban on arms sales.
The IAEA has been increasingly concerned about the possible existence in Iran of past or current undisclosed nuclear-related activities involving military-related organizations, including activities related to the development of a nuclear payload for a missile, about which the Agency continues to receive new information.
Iran has produced over 4,500 kilograms of low-enriched uranium, which, according to the Institute for Science and International Security, is almost enough for four nuclear weapons after further enrichment to weapons grad – See more at: