Although scientists won’t admit it, their new theories about “dark matter” and “dark energy” may have passed the tipping point from physics into metaphysics. To my knowledge, no one has determined if that crossover point is the Planck Constant, the Black Hole Horizon, or the future moment when some knowledgeable physicist witnesses confirming evidence of the Higgs Boson, the famous “God Particle.”
This hypothetical “tipping point” is on the vague line of demarcation between the physical universe as classically observed and described by physicists and the metaphysical vision imagined by philosophers and theologians. Complicating matters is a gray area straddling the line of demarcation that contains a variety of invisible infinitesimal sub-atomic particles where physicists are getting more involved.
Scientists began to move into that shadowy area when they came up with the strange ideas of curved space, particle waves, and quantum mechanics. Such paradoxical concepts strongly defy human understanding that is constrained by our limited physical senses and customary way of thinking.
Now, even more exotic ideas are being postulated: those of invisible “dark matter” (because it reflects no light) and a unique force that appears to counter the force of gravity. The later, considered a new form of energy, has been given the prefix of “dark” also. Both of these phenomena are assumed to exist in Nature because the most recent astronomical observations indicate that the universe is expanding. An expanding universe needs fresh scientific ideas to answer the question “How come?”
The discovery of a more complex gravitational law is truly revolutionary and challenging. According to present scientific theory, the Law of Gravity relies on “gravitons” to do the hard work of attracting objects with lesser mass. To date not one graviton has been isolated or identified, but the varying influence of the gravitational force within a force field cannot be denied. In the future the roles of dark matter and dark energy must be defined more specifically.
I do not question the sincerity of our scientists and our researchers. However, once the human mind begins to consider what can’t be seen, any theory about that mysterious realm of physics needs an abundant amount of proof or a convincing demonstration of the expected results of the underlying assumptions.
Giving names to unseen sub-atomic particles may help physicists to discuss their observations, but to the man in the street, names of invisible things are meaningless, formless, and colorless. Similarly, philosophers have problems communicating with the common folk because their names for philosophical concepts are uncommon or pertain to very specific nuances about some philosophical subject.
Laying aside both the physicist’s and the philosopher’s approaches to describing the unseen and the presently unknown, I would like to reexamine the general overview of the universe from a layman’s perspective. What has occurred to me is that all observable action in the universe is “permitted” by some indisputable Law of Nature. These phenomena are the result of particles of matter or spurts of energy following prescribed courses of action allowed by the complex matrix of the laws that regulate what we perceive as the physical universe. Whether a particle is “activated” by an external force operating normally in its force field or responds to an internal message directing compliance to some external instruction, the completion of the act observed demonstrates that one or the other has knowledge of the law permitting and regulating the act.
At the most basic level of matter or energy, scientists assume that any action taken complies with the regulating Laws of Nature. Therefore, I suspect that either the invisible force or the unseen internal “decision-maker” that is resident in the particle or electron has access to or knowledge of the requirements stipulated by a specific Law of Nature to initiate some specific action.
When some action defies our experience, then a particle or an electron must be adhering to a deeper law which scientists have not discovered. Identifying and naming sub-atomic particles and tracking how they interact is very important. Speculating about how the universe was created, who the creator might be, what it is made of, and what can be done in the near future to prolong the dominance of the human race on this planet are also useful activities.
Let the scientists go on naming the things that we see and can’t see and studying what those “things” do and how they interact with one another. Let the theologians name the deities we can’t see and describe their interrelation with the physical universe and with the angels, the cherubim, and the saints in Heaven. Let both groups coexist in peace with the philosophers.
I am more interested, however, in how every act we think we observe is initiated, carried out, and controlled. How the Laws of Nature are enforced, and why they seem immutable or irresistible. How the detailed governing regulations of these laws are communicated to the actor who has the power to initiate and carry out an action and bring about some change or noticeable consequence. How so many random ideas can be organized into useful forms or products like a TV set, a car, and an airplane. How a simple dicotyledon plant decides where to start a branch or a bud for a leaf, how it recognizes and obtains exactly the precise minerals it needs to produce and color its flower, and how it germinates the seed to reproduce the whole plant itself and the essential DNA.
These complex processes are truly awesome, especially when you have been convinced that small creatures and all plants have no “brains” as the higher animals do. Yet, even the smallest sub-atomic particle seems to understand its submissive or active role in the universe. It must respond to certain forces, associate only with certain other particles, move in some direction, and repel advances by other particles – all the while avoiding the taboos prohibited by the numerous Laws of Nature that pertain to its location, its movement, and its combining or merging properties. Such rigidly prescribed and controlled activity seems to require either some decision-making capacity of the particle to follow the instructions “on the box” or some unique ability to interpret and comply with the messages coming from the forces that act upon it.
To rationalize what humans think they have witnessed about the physical universe, scientists adhere to certain generally accepted theories: there is a passage of time that follows an arrow from past to present to future; there is a relationship of cause and effect, where the initiating cause brings about a subsequent effect; there is a maximum velocity called “the speed of light;” and there is no loss of the ingredients that constitute matter and energy, only the conversion of one into the other and vice versa.
The one unavoidable observation about the whole universe that humans come in contact with encompasses the instantaneous availability and ubiquitousness of the Laws of Nature, the complex matrix that organizes how those laws interface, and the enigma as to how these seemingly self-enforcing laws are initiated or implemented.
There appears to be some communication of specific instructions (derived from the software, the hardware, and the immense data base that contains the immutable laws and regulations “on file”) to the responding instigators of change. Those instigators are either the “force” (or transmitter”) that issues specific commands regulating the action of the various items subject to its power, or a “receiver” of the instructions that is capable of reacting obediently (carrying out the detailed instructions) independently.
Since neither the telepathic force field nor the telepathic sub-atomic particle acting independently fit classical human theories, it is difficult to explain how that communication might be achieved. The religious among us might describe that process as something that only an omnipresent, omniscient, and omnipotent spirit could “bring about” or “make happen.” However, the word ‘spirit’ is a religious term unacceptable to modern, mostly atheistic, scientists.
Whether such communication is brought about via electrical impulses, sound bites, pheromones, memes, or some other undiscovered “tool” or communicating process, the cause and effect information is transferred from some base of intelligence that directs action to a recipient that must act on those instructions or interpret the instructions as inapplicable to him. Herein lays the dual problem for scientific research of deciphering how that communication is transmitted, and describing in intelligible terms how such communication is accomplished.
To be continued…