Comparative Study On: Monarchial System & Republic in Nepal

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The leaders of Maoist, Nepali Congress and UML have said that the constitution would be made through the Constituent Assembly (CA) within two years. But they could not draft the constitution in time. The culprit leaders of the three parties have tricked the Nepalese people by extending the term of CA that had already died. Who shall support the constitution drafted by such crooks and non visionary leaders? Is it constitutional? In the name of new Nepal, they are doing an exercise in futility. To extend the term after failing to draft the constitution in the stipulated time is an IMMENSE betrayal.

Similarly, two years ago, On May 28, 2008 an ox gave birth in Nepal but there are no cubs. A goat has been opted for irrigation purposes rather than an ox. Legal experts and constitutional experts – by bathing a donkey are trying to turn it into a cow. The plight of the CA members is similar to the plight of a snake, which cannot eat a lizard for fear that it will die and cannot spit it out for the fear of becoming blind. The Interim Constitution that walked the unconstitutional path by stepping over constitutionalism was in itself handicapped. The declaration of republic on 28 May was unconstitutional.

The number of CA members is 601 and it is in accordance to the Interim Constitution. It was a blunder to summon the first session of the parliament without the presence of all 601 members and before the new constitution built by elected constituent assembly. When making a decision on someone, it would be against the principle of natural law to deprive him/her of the right to speak on his/her defense.

The Nepalese people will not support the forceful systemization of illegitimate totalitarianism by depriving the king of the right to defend himself. The royal institution has not vanished; it remains tall. America and agencies like the United Nations Mission are intervening and maintaining a dominating attitude. They want to ignite a civil war and fulfill their desires. India had been investing to establish a republic with the help of our corrupt leaders. But, the result has been just the opposite. I am sorry to write that it was a great blunder of Indian diplomats- Shyam Saran- former Indian ambassador and former foreign Secretary of India, who is widely credited with bringing the present instability in Nepal and some lefties leaders, KB Rajan- former Indian ambassador, Rakesh Sood- the present ambassador, SD Muni (Prof-JNU, RAW strategist-2005) and other officials who not only blundered in their assessment of Maoists but also did much harm to Indian’s interests in Nepal.

Independent creative opinion is given foremost importance in all-party politics. The mandate of the people’s uprising in 2005 was to establish a full democracy, not a republic or authoritarian rule and communism. The issues including the handing over arms, dissolution of Maoist PLA and the return of seized properties should have been finalized prior to holding the election. But Nepali Congress and UML with their frustration of being defeated are conspiring, in an attempt to bring bloodshed. The corrupt leaders of NC and UML have been continuing to seek Indian support to rob the nation of its sovereignty. All sectors of the nation have plunged into anarchy due to their misrule. Whether the destination of the CA is parliamentary rule or communism was not clear. The Maoist chairman Prachanda has hinted on a possible one party rule saying ‘the people’s republic could be established.’ The political leaders are still not looking for alternate ideas when the nation is nearing disintegration. The Nepali Congress is in danger of peril after opting for the republic to take revenge with the King. The plight of UML is no different after turning from opportunist to reactionary. The situation has been anarchic after the conduct of election forcefully instigated by foreigners’ in their favor.

Republic and secularism is not Nepal’s issue. The real issues are anti-nationalism, corruption and foreign intervention. The concern of the Nepalese people is how to get rid of the real issues. A Republic is not a way out of the problems. Terrorism would take over the nation in absence of the royal institution. The elements striving to disintegrate the nation by breeding revenge and prejudice should be denounced. How was the CA election held and what types won the election is not hidden…. Murderers, pro-foreign people, criminals and thieves have emerged victorious in this election. If these people win, bloodshed would be inevitable and the devils would rule the nation. The CA election was flanked by issues of republic, secularism, federalism, caste based autonomy, inclusive and proportionality. The plight of nation after such an election has become dangerous.

The national unity was mocked by the oath taking ceremony held in over 50 different languages including Indian. Millions of foreigners were given Nepalese citizenship after the uprising. There were initiations for a conspiracy to disintegrate the nation in name of caste based federalism. People who are completely unaware that the word constitution ever existed are now made lawmakers under the proportional system. The interim constitution was changed many times by stepping over the principle of constitutionalism. The late Girija Prasad Koirala, former PM should be blamed for shattering the nation. Nepal will never be secure at the hands of such traitors.

A simple majority is needed to end the royal institution carrying a history of 250 years and two-thirds majority is needed to remove the Prime Minister appointed by the parliament reinstated by the same King? What kind of justice is this? The Nepali Congress and UML have made a huge mistake by breaking the agreement reached with the King on 24 April, 2006. The agreement was initiated by foreigners. According to the agreement the sovereignty would be vested on the people and ceremonial royal institution would be maintained. Where is it? The properties of politics are statements, agreements and understanding.

How will trust be maintained in case the agreements are broken? The effort by political leaders’ to break the backbone of the nation, the royal institution and the Hindu Kingdom, is their failure. Amendment of the constitution has been sought to remove the provision of two-third majority needed to outs the Prime Minister. With the help of NC and UML simple majority was sought instead. The Maoist party understands that foreign powers are looking to finish them off one by one reasoning the arms, Maoist army and seized properties to be returned. Nation is at blink of disintegration. The Maoist party is not free from this blame. The principle of balance and control has shattered. There is no government. Declaration of republic and to extend the time of CA, through force and conspiracy, is unconstitutional.

In the context of the Nepalese monarchy some people including RPP-Nepal are pleading to decide republic, secularism and federalism by Referendum. But, that is also impracticable, because we can’t hold referendum to decide whether the nation should be kept independent or colonized by India. A Nepali scholar, political analyst, and former minister of NC, Din Bandu Aryal says, “it is not appropriate to take decision regarding the royal institution and religion through referendum. We can’t hold a referendum for changing an identity which has already been established.” When the traitors, leaders of the so-called three big Parties, declared a republic, the Nepalese people were robbed and looted. We are suffering through insecurity, anarchy and terror and everything is costly. So, if Nepal is to be saved then UNMIN – including other foreigners – must be chased away. The nation can be saved with the joint effort of nationalist elements within parties and royalists along with an agreement with the King.

No one can establish trust by violating an agreement. All nationalists and parties should shun the path of treason and come to an agreement supporting the king and with a precondition that the past mistakes and illegitimacy will not be repeated.

When nationality rolls down hill it is hard to contain it. It is easy to destroy but hard to create. When our norms and values end – then Nepal’s existence will end. The Royal Institution is the official knot that can tie the Nepalese of this small nation located between two big nations. The agreement of 24 April 2006 (2063 Baisak 11) has already failed.

In this pious country there should be good governance. Good governance means transparency, accountability and predictability. Since 2006, anarchy and lawlessness have been ruling the roost in Nepal. So, in the presence of the monarchy, political parties and nationalist forces including the army, police and court and various organs of the nation should revive the proclamation by King Gyanendra of 20, April, 2006 (Baisak 8), and in accordance to the 1990 constitution (which was declared under the advice of Indian, British and American diplomats, Nepal security forces and other political sectors) and form an all party cabinet. From that a path should be searched with everyone’s agreement to save the nation.