Daily News header

Raise Cigarette Tax and Save Lives

By  

A potentially path-breaking report shows that the introduction of a uniform specific tax accounting for 70% of Pakistan's average cigarette price could lead to half a million smokers quitting, and reduce premature deaths among adult smokers by over 180,000. At the same time more than Rupees 27 billion (USD 277 million) would be generated in new cigarette tax revenues. Pakistan currently has one of the largest populations of tobacco users in the world, with over 22 million adults smoking tobacco.

"Very low excise taxes have resulted in cigarettes in Pakistan being among the most affordable in the world," said Dr Rajeev Cherukupalli, an economist at the John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and an author of the study. "Simplifying taxes and transitioning to a high specific excise tax will reduce tobacco use, raise tax revenue and save lives."

The report authors, who include Pakistan's Federal Board of Revenue and academics from universities in Pakistan, India, the United States of America and Canada, used existing and new estimates to project the impact of cigarette tax increases on the health of Pakistan's population and economy.

Dr Frank Chaloupka, Professor of Economics at Illinois University and an author of the report said: "Our modeling suggests that adopting a uniform specific excise tax of 31.2 rupees per pack will lead over half a million current Pakistani cigarette smokers to quit smoking and prevent almost 725,000 Pakistani youth from taking it up. Ultimately these combined reductions will prevent over 550,000 premature deaths."

The report also highlights that annual, or more frequent adjustments, must be made to tobacco tax rates, to avoid being eroded by inflation and to maximize the public health and revenue impact.

"Earmarking some of these new tax revenues for health promotion and tobacco control, as recommended in this report, would be an investment in the health of the nation," said Dr Ehsan Latif, Director of Tobacco Control at the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (The Union), the organisation that funded the research. "Those most affected by tobacco-related disease are men at the height of their earning power. Adopting these recommendations would prevent the devastation a continued rise in tobacco consumption would have on Pakistan's people, and its economy" said Dr Latif to Citizen News Service (CNS).

The report also recommends that part of any new tax revenue be invested in a number of measures to counter illicit trade and tax evasion, which may otherwise increase because of higher cigarette prices. These measures include new technologies to track-and-trace tobacco products, increased enforcement and higher penalties for tax evasion.

The report's release will be marked by an event in Islamabad on May 27 in advance of World No Tobacco Day on Saturday, 31 May. It will be attended by members of Pakistan's Federal Board of Revenue, economists and journalists.

Bobby Ramakant is a CNS Policy Adviser who writes extensively on health and development. Contact Bobby through NewsBlaze. Read more stories by Bobby Ramakant.

  Please leave a comment here     If it does not display within 10 seconds, please refresh the page

* The views of Opinion writers do not necessarily reflect the views of NewsBlaze

Related Australia News

Setting the pace for the press conference, Dr IS Gilada, President, AIDS Society of India, emphasized that collaborative activities between national TB and HIV programmes can help maximise strengthen public health outcomes.
Stigma related to HIV not only blocks access to existing services for key affected populations but also increases risk of HIV acquisition manifold.
Shobha Shukla reports that Mark Dybul, speaking at AIDS 2014, said a focus on individual human beings will work better than a disease centric approach
So said Helen Ayles. She was quoted by Dr Diane Havlir who was speaking in the plenary of the 20th International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2014) in Melbourne, Australia. Dr Diane Havlir who is a researcher at the University of California, San Francisco,
TB is an infectious bacterial disease that spreads through the air. When people with pulmonary TB cough, sneeze or spit, they propel the TB germs into the air and a person needs to inhale only a few of these germs to become infected.
Viet Nam has made remarkable progress over the last decade in not only making harm reduction and HIV services available and accessible for people who use drugs but also reforming laws for supportive health p

 

NewsBlaze Writers Of The Month



Popular Stories This Month

newsletter logo

NewsBlaze
Copyright © 2004-2014 NewsBlaze Pty. Ltd.
Use of this website is subject to our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy  | DMCA Notice               Press Room   |    Visit NewsBlaze Mobile Site