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Theater for The New City Presents 'King Executioner' on March 21

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Puppets and live performers enact an enigmatic tale of early World War II in "King Executioner," the newest creation of Czechoslovak-American Marionette Theatre written and directed by Vit Horejš. The play is loosely based on "When you are a King, You will be an Executioner" ("A Jak Krolem a Jak Katem Bedzies," 1968) by the Polish magical realist novelist Tadeusz Nowak (1930-1991). Theater for the New City will present the world premiere of the work March 21 to April 7, 2013.

The novel, which has never been published in English, is an allegorical tale of Polish peasant life in the early days of World War II. The book unfolds like a 20th century folk tale, narrating a farm boy's bumpy journey to manhood. The boy goes to fight with the partisans after the German invasion and his patriotic duty compels him to kill two neighbors he's known all his life. As he faces decisions about life and death for others, his story becomes a parable on the complex truths of existence and dignity.

Music is composed by Frank London of The Klezmatics.

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The Widow, Yasiek, and Piotr. Marionettes by Vaclav Krcal and Jakub "Kuba" Krejci. Photo by Lee Wexler/Images for Innovation
The tale begins in a small village in pre-World War II Poland, where two friends, Piotr and Jasiek, sing songs, steal apples, chickens, and horses; and court the two "most beautiful" maidens in the village, Marysia and Hela. Then, despite all merriment, Jasiek blows his brains out. The war comes. Piotr and his Jewish musician friend Moses are called to arms. The two friends witness first-hand the swift defeat of the Polish cavalry by German armored divisions, then return home. Moses hides out from the Nazis in the forest while Piotr, powerless to stop the destruction of Moses's shtetl, is restless in his farm work. Troubled by recurrent visions of dead Jewish musicians marching across the skies, he tries to drown his anguish with romance, but is torn between the two maidens he now woos alone. Eventually, Piotr finds his way into the resistance and becomes the executioner of two "traitors"-the postman and the police commandant. Every partisan death sentence is potentially a revenge: the boy who imagined himself a King becomes an executioner. Piotr is on the verge of suicide, tormenting his mother and his two lovers with his fixation on death. Finally Hela's pregnancy soothes Piotr's wounds and brings peace to his mind.

This performance will mix actor-puppeteers, marionettes and live onstage musicians. Seven performers will play multiple characters and interact with puppets of many sizes and styles, including traditional Czech marionettes, toy marionettes, shadow puppets and oversize puppets. In his unique hybrid staging method, Horejš conceives each character as a double-live performer and puppet-with inner dialogues being revealed amid several levels of subtext. These doubling techniques, which Horejs has been perfecting over twenty years, provide an onstage counterpoint to the characters and afford a heightened awareness of their personalities. Characters and puppets shadow each other, comment on the general action and sometimes blur the boundary of who is in control. Differing puppet sizes are used to create cinematic effects: close-ups, long shots and zooms.

The play will be staged before three "crankies," scrolling backgrounds of different sizes, all painted by Theresa Linnihan, rendered in black and white and lit in amber to suggest old sepia photographs. Puppets will climb on their wooden frames, sit on them, dance, and make love on them. The puppets range in size from eight inches to twelve feet. The miniature ones-representing resistance fighters, policemen and bystanders-are by Milos Kasal and are cast using molds from the 1920s. The principal characters are portrayed by 28" wooden marionettes designed and carved by Jakub Krejci in his Prague workshop. One giant puppet is by Theresa Linnihan. There are about 20 puppets in all.

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Deborah Beshaw as Hela, Christopher Scheer as Piotr, Marionettes by Jakub "Kuba" Krejci. Photo by Lee Wexler/Images for Innovation
Horejš has been fascinated by Tadeusz Nowak's poetic prose since the 1970s. When he came to the United States in 1979, he translated two chapters of Nowak's novel, "A Jak Krolem a Jak Katem Bedzies," on a Columbia University Fellowship and tried (unsuccessfully) to find a publisher. Over time, Horejš adapted the novel from its original Polish into an English-language stage form. His work is rooted in traditional puppetry, and he shares with Nowak a connection to popular traditions, beliefs and pageants as well as to magic realism imagery. The production will consist of variations on themes drawn from Nowak's novel-dreams, free will, suicide, and rebirth.

Music by Frank London will use traditional Polish songs as well as original Klezmer compositions and incidental music. The songs will be sung both in Polish and English and are about apples and horses, recurrent themes in the play-metaphors for love and lawlessness. London was partly inspired for this score by music he has encountered in his annual trips to the Cracow Jewish Culture Festival in Poland. The lyrics by Vit Horejš are written in Nowak's dreamy prose style. The three musicians also play characters in the play: a band of Jewish musicians who are wiped out by the Nazis together with their shtetl.

The score by Frank London was commissioned through the NYSCA individual artists composer commission for theater. He is a long-time collaborator of Horejš and previously scored CAMT's "Golem" and "Once There Was a Village."

Set and costumes are designed Theresa Linnihan. Lighting is designed by Federico Restrepo.

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Front to back: Christopher Scheer (as Piotr), Joseph Garner (as Yasiek), Michelle Beshaw (as The Widow). Photo by Lee Wexler/Images for Innovation
The actor/puppeteers are Michelle Beshaw, Deborah Farrel Beshaw, John Farelle Beshaw, Joseph Garner, Miles Jackson, Theresa Linnihan and Christopher Scheer. The musicians are Jason Candler (clarinet), Nick Gianni (bass) and Hannah Temple (accordion).

ABOUT CZECHOSLOVAK-AMERICAN MARIONETTE THEATER

Vit Horejš, an emigré from Prague, founded Czechoslovak-American Marionette Theatre (CAMT) in 1990, utilizing century-old Czech puppets which he found at Jan Hus Church on East 74th Street. His trademark is using puppets of many sizes, from six-inch toy marionettes to twelve-foot rod puppets which double as scenery. CAMT is dedicated to preserving and presenting traditional and not-so-traditional puppetry. Horejš is a proud recipient of New York Foundation for the Arts 2012-13 fellowship.

Theater for the New City has presented the company in three previous productions. "Mr. M" (2011) was the first American stage adaptation of "Mr. Theodore Mundstock" by Ladislav Fuks, a postwar Czech writer of psychological fiction. "Revolution!?" (2010) was performed with AGENTURA DELL'ARTE (from Prague); it was a theater spectacle that examined revolutions throughout the history of mankind as a backdrop for the extraordinary peaceful 1989 Velvet Revolution in former Czechoslovakia. "The Very Sad Story of Ethel & Julius, Lovers and Spyes..." (2008) explored the Rosenberg trial with a manipulated set but few puppets. Anita Gates wrote in the New York Times, "Vit Horejš has written and directed a first-rate, thoroughly original production and made it look effortless. The cast gives charged, cohesive performances, and the staging is expert." Horejš writes that he is excited to return to Crystal Field's theater, a venue which embraces new work and enables performances in innovative styles, like "King Executioner," to reach receptive audiences at affordable prices.

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Christopher Scheer as Piotr, Miles Jackson as Stach, Marionettes by Jakub "Kuba" Krejci. Photo by Lee Wexler/Images for Innovation

At La MaMa E.T.C., the company has performed "The Little Rivermaid Rusalka" (1999), "Johannes Dokchtor Faust" (2000), "The Prose of the Transsiberian and of the Little Joan of France" (2001), "Don Juan or the Wages of Debauchery" (2003), "The Life and Times of Lee Harvey Oswald" (2004), "Once There Was a Village" (2007), an ethno-opera with puppets, found objects and music by Frank London; "Twelfth Night (or What You Will)" (2009) and the troupe's most successful work, "Golem" (1997, 1998 Henson International Puppetry Festival, and 2011), which also had a score by Frank London.

Productions in other venues have ranged from Czech classics to Shakespeare to fairy tales. "Johannes Dokchtor Faust" premiered in its first season (1990) and was re-staged in 1994 as part of NADA's Obie Award-winning "Faust Festival" in Soho. It was revived at La MaMa in 2000 and at Manhattan's Bohemian Hall in 2007. "Hamlet" debuted at the Vineyard Theater in 1995, was performed at outdoor venues in NY, and toured to the 2004 Prague Summer Shakespeare Festival at Prague Castle. It was revived on Jane's Carousel in DUMBO, Brooklyn in 2007. "The Bass Saxophone," a WWII fantasy with music based on a story by Czech-Canadian writer Josef Skvorecky, played 11 weeks at the Grand Army Plaza Soldiers' and Sailors' Memorial Arch in Brooklyn during the fall of 2005 and the spring of 2006. CAMT's productions for young audiences include "A Christmas Carol-OY! Hanukkah-Merry Kwanzaa," "The Historye of Queen Esther, of King Ahasverus & of the Haughty Haman," "Kacha and the Devil," "The White Doe - Or The Piteous Trybulations of the Sufferyng Countess Jenovefa," "Snehurka, The Snow Maiden" and "Twelve Iron Sandals."

CAMT has also appeared at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Lincoln Center Out-of-Doors, the Winter Garden of the World Financial Center, the Smithsonian Institution, The World Trade Center, the Antonin Dvorak Festival in Spillville, Iowa, the 2012 inauguration of The National Czech and Slovak Museum and Library in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, the Heart of the Beast in Minneapolis, the Lowell Folk Arts Festival in Massachusetts and in international festivals in Poland, Turkey, Pakistan, and the Czech Republic.

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Moses the clarinet player. Marionette by Vaclav Krcal. Photo by Jonathan Slaff
Czechoslovak-American Marionette Theatre is a program of GOH Productions, a NYC based arts services organization. This event has been made possible in part with public funds from the New York State Council on the Arts, the NYC Department of Cultural Affairs and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic. Additional support comes from the Bohemian Benevolent and Literary Association, Czechoslovak Society of Arts and Sciences, Materials for the Arts, Czech Center New York and private donors.

"King Executioner" will be presented by Theater for the New City (155 First Ave, at 10th St) from March 21 to April 7, 2013, Thursdays through Saturdays at 8:00 PM; Sundays at 3:00 PM.
Tickets are $10 and are available at the box office (212) 254-1109 or through www.theaterforthenewcity.net.

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