Is Race Socially and Legally Constructed?
Race is human classification. The proverbial term of race relates to skin color.
There are three race classifications only: the Caucasoid, also known as the Caucasian race, characterized by light skin color ranging from white to dark-whitish; the Negroid, the Negro race, characterized by dark skin due to dense pigmentation; the Mongoloid, characterized by yellowish skin; and some add the Native American race, characterized by its brown-red skin tone.
It has been demonstrated that race has no biological or genetic basis; features which traditionally has been defined as races, e.g. skin color are determined by non-significant and superficial genetic alleles, with no link to any characteristics, such as intelligence, talent, athletic ability, etc. Sadly, race has been socially and legally constructed, despite the lack of any scientific evidence for dividing humanity into baseless racial baskets.
The race categorization led to the "white race" members way of thinking that they are the superior race and all other races are inferior. That concept created their suppression of human beings of other than "white" skin color. When the first "white" men arrived from Europe to the free world, later to have become known the United States of America, they viciously targeted the "red-skin" indigenous people, the native Indians. Then the very same people of the "white race" brought to their land, from Africa, dark-black color skin people as slaves. Slavery means the humiliation and disregard of the human being. And that is what the "black race" in America suffered since it was imported by the "white race" from Africa; the lowest standard of human behavior of one human being toward another.
Superiority of one race over another. Only half a century ago, Martin Luther King, Jr marched for the equal rights of the dark color skin people in America. Mr. King represented the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), and was among the leaders of the so-called "Big Six" civil rights organizations who were instrumental in organizing and participating in the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom of the Black people, that took place on August 28, 1963.
President Kennedy had proposed civil rights legislation and it had the support from Northern states Congressmen; the Southern states Senators, where slavery was a way of life, blocked consideration of the bill by threatening filibusters. President Lyndon Johnson, after considerable parliamentary maneuvering and 54 days of filibuster on the floor of the United States Senate, got a bill through the Congress and on July 2, 1964, President Johnson signed the Civil rights Act of 1964. This Bill banned discrimination based on "race, color, religion, sex or national origin" in employment practices and public accommodations.
The bill authorized the Attorney General to file lawsuits to enforce the new law. The law also nullified state and local laws that required such discrimination. In practice, since then the doors for dark skin color people, supposedly were opened wide. But that is not the case as reality and truth go. The members of the "black race" in the United States, to some extent, are still discriminated against and are treated as disenfranchised. That leads to a minority in society that behaves as if it is deprived of power and is marginalized. That also creates racial animosity between the dark color skin people and people of light color skin; such sentiments breed the like Jesse Jackson and Al Sharpton of the world whose profession is to confront and rebuttal the black race issues against the white race.
The divided society, based on skin tone, of the 1960s in the United States has not been fully cured and united. The result, in 2008, Michelle Obama, who was to become the first dark skin color First Lady, declared, before her husband became the president, that it was the first time she was proud of her country. The country that gave her the privilege and opportunity to get Ivy League education, so very few Americans get.
In general, dark color skin people put themselves down. Many of them play the Black Victicrat's card. As attorney, commentator and author Larry Elder describes in his book, "Ten Things You Can't Say in America."
Mr. Elder is a fire brand libertarian who tells truths this nation's public figures are afraid to address. As a matter of interest, he has had a talk show on KABC in Los Angeles for five years, and has survived a campaign to force him off the air, launched by those who hate his politically incorrect views, especially those that touch on racial issues. You see, Larry Elder is himself of the "black race". He has indeed lost his job for a while but is back on the air waves with KABC Radio and he has coined the word, "victicrat" to describe people like Jesse Jackson, Al Sharpton and syndicated columnist Julianne Malveaux. Then there is the Affirmative Action, which refers to policies that take factors including "race, color, religion, gender, sexual orientation, or national origin" into consideration in order to benefit an underrepresented group "in areas of employment, education, and business", usually justified as countering the effects of a history of discrimination.
Why there is such Action on the books when all people, under the law, are equal? Or, are they not? Why will anyone want to be discriminated, as this Action does, rather than be chosen on his or her merit? And there is the tendency of dark color skin Americans to identify themselves as African-Americans, a term I completely disagree with. We are all Americans, without hyphenation, as Congressman Allen West always states and he is of dark color skin too.
In 2008, the first time in American history, the American people elected Barack Obama, albeit the wrong man for the job, as the first man of dark color skin to be their president. In 2012, Clarence Thomas, a man of dark color skin is a Supreme Court Justice. And Attorney General Eric Holder is also of same skin tone. Hollywood is represented by many dark color skin actors. And there is the dark color skin billionaire Diva Oprah Winfrey who has created the TV talk shows business. Many of the Olympic Team USA are men and women of dark color skin.
On August 2, 2012 Gabrielle "Gabby" Douglas, has become the first dark color skin gymnast to win the gold medal in both the individual and team all-around competitions. And the list of men and woman of dark color skin who make the fascinating fabric of the American society goes on. I see the door wide open for everyone, of any skin color, who has the will and the tenacity to succeed in whatever they do.
There is no excuse to play the race card, as Jesse Jackson and Al Sharpton of the world so wrongly and so often do. And my criticism is that the dark color skin president plays this ugly and divisive card as well. There is no reason to find excuses and remain a victicrat, unless the reason is, I simply want it to be this way. Because if one wants, all is possible even what seems to be the impossible. The time has come to have the conviction that with will and determination the door is wide open to ALL skin color of all races, despite all the challenges.
Sometime I wish there to be a way to lighten the skin of dark color skin people and thus erase all excuses. That brings me to digress, slightly; based on the above, what does the term Zionism has to do with racism? In no scientific or otherwise document Zionism is mentioned as part of the "racism" theories, mantras and dogma. And what does Romney telling the world that the differences in the Arab-Palestinians and Israelis cultures cause Arab-Palestinians to pace, in GDP, behind the Israelis has to do with racism? You tell me.
Nurit Greenger sees Israel and the United States equally, as the last two forts of true democratic freedom and since 2006, has been writing about events in these two countries. Contact her by writing to firstname.lastname@example.org Read more stories by Nurit Greenger.
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